LOS LIBROS EN LA CALLE

kioskoCamino a Córdoba, mientras esperaba en el aeroparque bonaerense Jorge Newbery, me entretuve en los quioscos de revistas y periódicos: había algo extraño a lo que mi memoria registraba de esos lugares en México. Pronto me cayó el veinte. Eran los libros, de distintos autores: Sigmund Freud, Eduardo Galeano, Ernesto Sábato, Fontanarrosa, Jorge Luis Borges; junto a ellos, otros menos populares, argentinos contemporáneos o del pasado. Eso sucedió hace varios años. Desde entonces, cuando regresé y a lo largo de este 2013, me acostumbré a ver libros en los quioscos de periódicos y revistas en las calles argentinas.

En el más reciente viaje de Buenos Aires a Santa Fe, preparándome para una ruta de seis horas, en la estación de ómnibus “Retiro” encontré un par de libros que no buscaba (los encontré o me encontraron): “El pensamiento pedagógico del Che”, de Lidia Turner Martí, y la primera edición en Siglo XXI Editores de un libro que había comprado 20 años atrás en la UNAM: “Por una pedagogía de la pregunta. Crítica a una educación basada en preguntas a respuestas inexistentes”, de Paulo Freire y Antonio Faundez, prologado esta vez por un colega y amigo valenciano, Pep Aparicio Guadas. Pero había más libros en apenas tres metros cuadrados, de Freire y de otros autores.

Ayer, 7 de octubre, durante su conferencia en el histórico Paraninfo de la Universidad Nacional del Litoral (allí se firmó la constitución argentina), la psicóloga catalana Dolors Reig aludió en sus palabras iniciales a la necesidad de que las maestras, los maestros sean “sabios”, que sepan de lo que tradicionalmente fue considerada la cultura general y que sepan de su materia. Compartió una sensación como la que describo. En el mismo sitio donde descubrí por primera vez aquellos libros, ella encontró a Umberto Eco, a Michel Foucault. Celebró el hecho y lamentó que en España no suceda lo mismo, donde lo que puede conseguirse son los best sellers que escriben los presentadores de la abundante “telebasura española”.

Como Dolors, celebro que los libros en este país estén literal y materialmente en la calle, en las calles de Córdoba, en las de Buenos Aires, en las de Santa Fe; que haya muchas y grandes librerías, pero sobre todo, que siempre haya gente hojeando, caminado sus pasillas, preguntando, tomando café. Eso revela una política en la materia que no será perfecta y merecerá cuestionamientos pero que, en todo caso, no cesa de producir libros y circularlos.

Además de las consideraciones económicas, que no pueden obviarse, creo que las librerías en una ciudad, su número y acervo, son reflejo del nivel cultural y de las políticas de sus gobiernos. En esa materia, en nuestros contextos mexicanos todavía tenemos mucho camino por delante. Por supuesto, con presidentes que no leen, con diputados que no leen, la tarea no será sencilla y es posible que ellos ni siquiera perciban el problema. Los profesores, de nuevo las maestras y maestros mexicanos, serán claves para darle vuelta a esa página.

 

 

 

 

 

Comentarios

  1. Juan Elías Castillo dice:

    Saludos Maestro, ojalá volvamos a la política de las ediciones rústicas de la SEP de los 80’s y lleguen a muchos mexicanos, aunque no exista política pública para ello… solo producir y distribuir ediciones rústicas, económicas accesibles a todos.
    Que siga cosechando saberes en el cono sur.

  2. Carlos Santiago Núñez Romero 1°K dice:

    I must practice and read more books, because i don’t make this.
    I like see the books and comics ih the kiosks too.
    Would like me travel to Argentina and meet the city.
    I think that Dolors Reig have very reason, the teachers must have very much knowledge.

  3. Daniel Enrique Godinez Medina dice:

    *actually, all the people doesn’t like read, because i think its bored, they prefer see tv, o play videogames.
    *I like read sometimes, when i have chance or free time, but in my life i just read 4 books
    *What its your favorite writer?
    *i think the teacher should told the students to read more, o leave homework like read one book in this month.

  4. luis manuel sanchez paez dice:

    Lately i saw myself in the same position in the guadalaja’s airport were i found a lot of very interesting titles that i’ve never heard if them,unfortunately i coulnd affort buying more than 1.

    I like reading but i preffer fantacy stories than intelectual documents.

    Don’t misinterpret me i am very worried about our society i just feel like im wathcing a movie in my head.

    Im kind worried about spain imean look at them their goverment is whortless, their economy its horrible and there’s no jobs, and the worst part is that the citizen SEEM to worrie more about footbol than all OF of the adove .

  5. Perla Esmeralda Rivera Rueda dice:

    I personally don’t like reading.
    Although it’s very beatiful, but I can’t concentrate at 100%.
    They say that reading is like transporting to another world.
    We’re going from bad to worst, in Mexico, among young people reading it’s not very common (not everyone).

  6. Luis Montes de oca Flores 1J dice:

    Lately there are not many bookstalls in the streets in Mexico.
    Some people don’t have the habit to read.
    Parents should set the example of reading.
    Read books reflect the culture of the people.

  7. Jorge Ricardo Villalvazo dice:

    Well I think in Mexico we have a lot to do about read. Most people don’t read, I’m not saying I do, all of us are leting the culture of read. If we want to change the country, this is a big topic and homework to all of us, not for government because they don’t care, is for us. And I’m happy that books are still alive.

  8. jorge salvador ciprian figueroa dice:

    it´s good to read books for a good culture.

    I like to see people interested in books.

    Spain is a shame that the same thing does not happen.

    I think the same that Dolors Reig teachers should be wiser.

  9. german mtz. dice:

    It’s interesting to know that in some latin countries reading good books it’s still a habbit on contraie with countries like Mexico where they sell magazines in bookstores. ♥♠♣♦▲

  10. Felipe Adrian Juarez Robles 1K dice:

    at present the people don’t read books.
    is beautiful cordoba city?
    i like read books because is awesome , is other world.
    the books influence of government.

  11. Brian Alexis Florian Peralta 1ºK dice:

    The reading transports you to world the imagination, you enriches in knowledge and the know.
    unfortunately the most part of mexicans and including me, read little.
    In my city the newsagents are alone.
    The reading enriches.

  12. Andrés Cortés Martínez dice:

    Read it’s not the same for all the people, some want do it, but they just can’t do it, because it’s not a skill that they have, and others people already have the habit of do it, and they enjoy of that, can read anywhere,anytime, and what ever they want read.

    I’m one of that group of people that want read but can’t do it.

    And that make me feel sad, because i know that there out are a bunch of information that would change my life and are just waiting to be readed.

  13. José Fabio Ramirez dice:

    I dont like bookstores. Somethimes, I cant afford to buy a good book of Quino, Rius or Asimov.
    When i cant buy a book, i search it on the deep web. Ther´s a digital library called Alexandria. So many books there
    The “bookstores” placed at the street are a good place when you can find good books with good prices
    Its an unusual way to share the knowledge

  14. Sergio Omar Lopez Ceballos dice:

    lamentably in mexicon not abit the read

  15. Gabriel Andrade dice:

    I must practice and read more books, because i don’t make this.

    I like see the books and comics ih the kiosks too.

    Would like me travel to Argentina and meet the city.

    I think that Dolors Reig have very reason, the teachers must have very much knowledge.

  16. hector priego dice:

    the mexico books are in low quality, only some is cool , I is like books history and busines.

  17. Gerardo Orbe Sánchez dice:

    The lecture is something important. It’s sad how a lot of mexicans don’t think the same. We have to teach the kids how important is read a book. I read books and for me this is a good habit.

  18. Alexis Buenrostro Arreola dice:

    In mexico you need to inculcate the habit of reading’m not the most suitable to say but at least I’m not from those who do not read 2 books a year. in mexico a lot to do but I know someday succeed better in that regard.

  19. Cristian Baròn dice:

    It is a very interesting article.
    Perhaps he was looking for these books and by chance found them.
    I think that reading in Mexico is something that is not much encouraged.
    I think that everyone should read every day.
    .

  20. Rodrigo Alejandro Ortega Rodríguez dice:

    Right now, Mexico is in a bad moment for education.
    where the teachers are in a manifestation, the students are lazy, and the society care more for a number than the knowledge
    It’s good to hear that Argentina is doing more well than mexico in that.
    Maybe, in 50 years, we are going to be where Japan is at the moment.

  21. Alan Heriberto Gutiérrez Vigil dice:

    First, it is a pleasure for me to read the quality of your posts, and I know that culture and the ease to express come from all those books that have passed through your life. But my comment this time serves to another purpose. I’m worried. I read what my classmates were saying about them, and I realize that even come down to this point in their life most don’t have the habit of reading. I want to invite you all! read provides all the tools you may need for your life, and also is quite stimulating. Never is too late to start.

  22. jose guadalupe ojeda martinez 1 J dice:

    Having the habit of reading is best.

    You full of wisdom.

    It gives you all that you can not find on television or social programs.

    It makes you grow as a person, and gives you a different perspective of things.

  23. Jhonatan Gonzalez Perez dice:

    I like too read
    Parents should set an example to their children to read
    Glad to see people who like to read
    In mexico not inculcated the habit of reading

  24. Pulido Partida Josué Gamaliel dice:

    I´m glad to read this.
    It´s something nice that we can find those books on those places. finally we can say something good about México. I´m happy for those people that like to read like me it´s something really really good.

  25. José Luis Torres Cervantes 1°K dice:

    In Mexico a lot o people don’t have the habit of read books.
    Unfortunately I’m within with those people.
    I think that a lot of teachers around the world don’t know how to teach because when they were students they never learned the basic to do this.
    In Mexico too there are books in the streets, outside of some stores.

  26. Alonso Angel Sanchez Maldonado dice:

    Read one of the best ways to entertain
    When I look for books only find magazines cowboys
    Argentina will be a good place to visit
    My comments do not appear
    I like the policy items

  27. Victor Omaury Marmolejo Medina dice:

    When someone find a book, a world open.
    The reading in Mexico neet improve.
    Argentina have more relevants authors.
    When in Mexico the reading be important more things will change.

  28. Norma Mercedes Trujillo Garcia "1K" dice:

    1.- I think that a lot of teachers around the world don’t know how to teach because when they were students they never learned the basic to do this.
    2.-It´s something nice that we can find those books on those places
    3.-I think that everyone should read every day.
    4.-Read it’s not the same for all the people, some want do it, but they just can’t do it, because it’s not a skill that they have, and others people already have the habit of do it, and they enjoy of that, can read anywhere,anytime, and what ever they want read.

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